The players employ special preventive charms and medicines. Females do not touch them. These spiritual qualities lead to a make-believe attitude toward the masked plays: “We know who you are but we pretend we don’t.”

  • Source: Ottenberg, Simon. Masked rituals of Afikpo, the context of an African art. Seattle: Published for the Henry Art Gallery by the University of Washington Press, 1975.
  • Culture: Igbo
  • Location: Africa