When women only were present, the breaking and sharing of kola also symbolized status differences between them. Daughters, as males, should break kola when in the company of wives. The daughter could, however, touch the kola and give the most senior wife present authority to break it.

  • Source: Amadiume, Ifi. Male daughters, female husbands: gender and sex in an African society. London ; Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Zed Books, 1987.
  • Culture: Igbo
  • Location: Africa